Urine colours can differ relying on what you eat, any medicines you’re taking, and the way a lot water you drink. Many of those colours fall on the spectrum of what “normal” urine can appear to be, however there are instances the place uncommon urine colours could also be a trigger for concern.
Clear urine signifies that you just’re consuming greater than the every day beneficial quantity of water.
Reading: What does clear urine mean
Whereas being hydrated is an effective factor, consuming an excessive amount of water can rob your physique of electrolytes. Urine that often seems to be clear is not any cause to panic, however urine that’s all the time clear may point out that you’ll want to reduce on how a lot water you’re consuming.
Clear urine can even point out liver issues like cirrhosis and viral hepatitis. Should you’re not consuming giant quantities of water and have ongoing clear urine, it’s best to see your physician.
Yellowish to amber urine
The colour of “typical” urine falls on the spectrum of sunshine yellow to a deeper amber shade. The urochrome pigment that’s naturally in your urine turns into extra diluted as you drink water.
Urochrome is produced by your physique breaking down hemoglobin, the protein that carries oxygen in your purple blood cells. In most conditions, the colour of your urine will rely upon how diluted this pigment is.
Having quite a lot of B-vitamins in your bloodstream can even trigger urine to look neon yellow.
Pink or pink urine
Meals. Urine might look purple or pink in case you eat fruits with naturally deep pink or magenta pigments, like:
Medical circumstances. Whereas urine that’s purple or pink is perhaps from one thing you ate just lately, there are generally different causes. Some well being circumstances could cause blood to look in your urine, a symptom generally known as hematuria, together with:
- enlarged prostate
- kidney stones
- tumors within the bladder and kidney
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Medicines. Medicines that will flip your urine a reddish or pink hue embrace senna or senna-containing laxatives, phenazopyridine (Pyridium), and the antibiotic rifampin (Rifadin).
Communicate with a health care provider in case you’re ever involved about blood in your urine.
Dehydration. In case your urine seems orange, it could possibly be a symptom of dehydration.
Medical circumstances. In case you have urine that’s orange along with light-colored stools, bile could also be moving into your bloodstream due to points along with your bile ducts or liver. Grownup-onset jaundice can even trigger orange urine.
Medicines. Medicines that may trigger your urine to look orange might embrace phenazopyridine (Pyridium), the anti-inflammatory drug sulfasalazine (Azulfidine), and chemotherapy medicine.
Blue or inexperienced urine
Typically, blue urine is uncommon and most probably linked to one thing in your food regimen.
Meals. Blue or inexperienced urine will be attributable to meals coloring, particularly a dye known as methylene blue. This dye is in lots of varieties of sweet and a few medicines.
Medicines. Medicines that may trigger blue or inexperienced urine embrace cimetidine (Tagamet), amitriptyline, indomethacin (Indocin), promethazine (Phenergan), and B vitamin dietary supplements.
Medical procedures. It may also be the results of dyes utilized in medical checks carried out in your kidneys or bladder.
Medical circumstances. The pseudomonas aeruginosa bacterial an infection can even trigger your urine to show blue, inexperienced, and even indigo purple.
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A situation known as familial benign hypercalcemia can even trigger blue or inexperienced urine. Low to average calcium ranges might seem in your urine and alter its shade when you’ve gotten this situation. Many individuals with this genetic situation don’t have signs that they discover.
Darkish brown urine
Most often, urine that’s darkish brown signifies dehydration.
Medicines. Darkish brown urine may also be a aspect impact of sure medicines, together with metronidazole (Flagyl) and nitrofurantoin (Furadantin), chloroquine (Aralen), cascara or senna-based laxatives, and methocarbamol.
Meals. Consuming giant quantities of rhubarb, aloe, or fava beans could cause darkish brown urine.
Medical circumstances. A situation known as porphyria could cause a buildup of the pure chemical substances in your bloodstream and trigger rusty or brown urine. Darkish brown urine may also be an indicator of liver illness, as it may be attributable to bile moving into your urine.
Train. Intense bodily exercise, particularly operating, could cause darkish brown urine, generally known as exertional hematuria. This isn’t thought of uncommon. When your urine is darkish due to train, it’ll usually resolve with some relaxation inside just a few hours. Should you often see darkish brown urine after train, or in case your urine doesn’t return to regular after 48 hours, it’s best to converse with a health care provider about attainable underlying causes.
Medical circumstances. Cloudy urine is usually a signal of a urinary tract an infection. It may also be a symptom of some continual ailments and kidney circumstances. In some instances, cloudy urine is one other signal of being dehydrated.
In case you have cloudy urine and also you’re pregnant, it could possibly be an indication of a harmful situation known as preeclampsia. It’s best to get in contact along with your healthcare skilled instantly and allow them to know in case you develop cloudy or bubbly urine throughout being pregnant.
Cloudy urine with foam or bubbles known as pneumaturia. This is usually a symptom of significant well being circumstances, together with Crohn’s illness or diverticulitis.
There are some instances the place urine is foamy, and medical doctors can’t decide the trigger.
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